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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    19 行 · 2006-9-14 · Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity is, however, more than the appropriate choice of an index. It is as an integrated process that involves a robust experimental design, a correct choice and understanding of the trait, a detailed dissection of all sources of phenotypic variation, and a correct incorporation of developmental drift ...

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    step in ecological approaches to phenotypic plasticity is the quantitative estimation of the phenotypic change induced by the environment, which is of particular relevance in comparative studies of different species and populations (Valladares et al. 2000a, 2005a; Balaguer et al. 2001). This estimation must be simple,

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  • Quantitative Estimation of Phenotypic Plasticity: Bridging ...

    Quantitative Estimation of Phenotypic Plasticity: Bridging the Gap between the Evolutionary Concept and Its Ecological Applications September 2006 Journal of Ecology 94(6):1103 - 1116

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  • (PDF) Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    2006-11-1 · Read 'Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications, Journal of Ecology' on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at …

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  • Quantitative Assessment of the Importance of Phenotypic ...

    2013-7-9 · Since phenotypic plasticity is currently recognized as being responsible for the majority of adaptive phenotypic changes in response to climate change –, this model is an important step forward in predicting effects of climate change on population persistence. The model combines demographic population properties (e.g., generation time ...

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  • Phenotypic plasticity of European larch radial growth and ...

    2021-2-20 · Phenotypic plasticity is a key mechanism for sedentary long‐living species to adjust to changing environment. Here, we use mature Larix decidua tree‐ring variables collected along an elevational transect in the French Alps to characterize the range of individual plastic responses to temperature. Stem cores from 821 mature Larix decidua trees have been collected from four …

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  • A quantitative genetic analysis of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Such phenotypic plasticity results in a mapping between phenotype and environment that is known as the reaction norm (for a review of the concept see Schlichting & Pigliucci, 1998).

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  • How is plant phenotypic plasticity index calculated ...

    2018-11-9 · typic plasticity has been reported in humans [ 12], animals [6, 15, 16], plants [4], and fungi [17, 18]. The term of phenotypic plasticity can be used at different integrative levels. At the population level the phenotypic plasticity is the overall phenotypic response of a species to different en-vironments. The genetic basis of those responses ...

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  • Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype ...

    Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype × environment interactions in a multi-parental tomato population ... The first tomato MAGIC population was developed at INRA-Avignon in France and is composed of about 400 lines derived from an 8-way cross (Pascual et al., ... Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap ...

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  • Quantitative trait loci mapping of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Phenotypic plasticity can be visualized by plotting 70 trait values over environments, creating a norm of reaction. In this case, phenotypic plasticity 71 The use of subsets of lines from mapping populations is known to limit QTL mapping in two 156 ways.

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  • (PDF) Phenotypic plasticity in heterotrophic marine ...

    2014-11-14 · Phenotypic plasticity plays an important role in stabilizing community function in the face of environmental changes, and is essential for the …

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  • Dissection of the molecular bases of genotype x ...

    2018-11-9 · typic plasticity has been reported in humans [ 12], animals [6, 15, 16], plants [4], and fungi [17, 18]. The term of phenotypic plasticity can be used at different integrative levels. At the population level the phenotypic plasticity is the overall phenotypic response of a species to different en-vironments. The genetic basis of those responses ...

    Get Price
  • Dissection of the molecular bases of genotype x ...

    2018-11-9 · Phenotypic plasticity, which is the ability of a genotype to produce distinct phenotypes in different environmental conditions, has been widely reviewed [1,2,3].It encompasses various aspects of the organism’s life including ontogeny [], lifespan [5, 6], response to biotic [7, 8] or abiotic [9, 10] factors, pathogen or disease susceptibility [11,12,13], and animal behavior [12, 14].

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  • Dissection of the molecular bases of genotype x ...

    Phenotypic plasticity, which is the ability of a genotype to produce distinct phenotypes in different environmental conditions, has been widely reviewed [1–3]. It encompasses various aspects of the organism’s life including ontogeny [ 4 ], lifespan [ 5 , 6 ], response to biotic [ 7 , 8 ] or abiotic [ 9 , 10 ] factors, pathogen or disease ...

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  • Annals of Botany 99: 1203-1212, 2007 ^ļP

    forest (Paris region, France) and exhibiting metapopulation dynamics. • Methods The genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity of quantitative traits (morphological and fitness com-ponents) were measured in five populations, using a combination of field measurements, common garden experi-ments and genotyping at microsatellite loci.

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  • Quantitative genetic differentiation and phenotypic ...

    2017-6-1 · Tree growth and species distributions are expected to be altered by climate change. European beech (Fagus sylvatica), one of the major tree species in Central Europe, is considered to be particularly threatened by the expected changes in local water regimes.Basic knowledge on the species⬢ genetic variation, environmental adaptation, and phenotypic plasticity is required to …

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  • Phenotypic Plasticity and Selection: Nonexclusive ...

    2016-5-24 · Selection and plasticity are two mechanisms that allow the adaptation of a population to a changing environment. Interaction between these nonexclusive mechanisms must be considered if we are to understand population survival. This review discusses the ways in which plasticity and selection can interact, based on a review of the literature on selection and phenotypic plasticity …

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  • Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive phenotypic ...

    2009-10-21 · Studies that have begun to unravel the genetic basis of plasticity through quantitative-genetic analyses, artificial selection and QTL analyses show a great amount of variation in the genetic basis of plasticity in the same trait across environments (e.g. Callahan & Pigliucci 2005; Lacaze et al. 2009).

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  • Quantitative Trait Loci mapping of phenotypic plasticity ...

    plasticity of a quantitative trait such as biomass could be due to phenotypic variation (across 415 environments) in any one, or combination of, those main traits.

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  • Costs of Phenotypic Plasticity. | The American Naturalist

    2020-9-4 · Hirofumi Michimae, Akiomi Yoshida, Takeshi Emura, Masatoshi Matsunami, Kinya Nishimura Reconsidering the estimation of costs of phenotypic plasticity using the robust ridge estimator, Ecological Informatics 44 (Mar 2018): 7-20.

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  • Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x ...

    2020-5-5 · Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x environment interaction in a multi-parental population Isidore Diouf1, Laurent Derivot2, Shai KOUSSEVITZKY3, Yolande Carretero1, Frederique Bitton 1, Laurence Moreau , and Mathilde Causse1 1INRAE 2GAUTIER Semences 3Hazera May 5, 2020 Abstract

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  • Plant Phenotypic Plasticity in Response to Environmental ...

    Plants are exposed to heterogeneity in the environment where new stress factors (i.e., climate change, land use change, and invasiveness) are introduced, and where inter- and intraspecies differences may reflect resource limitation and/or environmental stress factors. Phenotypic plasticity is considered one of the major means by which plants can cope with environmental …

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  • Dryad Data -- Assessing adaptive phenotypic plasticity by ...

    2014-2-4 · Conditional strategies are the most common form of discrete phenotypic plasticity. In a conditional strategy, the phenotype expressed by an organism is determined by the difference between an environmental cue and a threshold, both of which may vary among individuals.

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  • Patterns of phenotypic plasticity among populations of ...

    2019-8-6 · 2 20 Abstract 21 Aim: Under rapid environmental change, phenotypic plasticity, if adaptive, could increase the odds 22 for organisms to persist. Environmental variation over time is an important source of phenotypic 23 plasticity. Likewise, phenotypic plasticity can vary with age in many organisms.

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  • Phenotypic variation in invasive and biocontrol ...

    2007-8-13 · Here we compared phenotypic traits and the extent of adaptive phenotypic plasticity in two invasive populations and two populations commercialized for biological control by (i) measuring six phenotypic traits related to fitness (eggs hatching rate, larval survival rate, development time, sex ratio, fecundity over 6 weeks and survival time of ...

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  • Plasticity of primary and secondary growth dynamics in ...

    2013-8-26 · The tree level reflected the phenotypic plasticity of each genotype in response to water availability (1 = highly responsive, non-significant = non responsive). At tree level, correlations between I DM and circumference increments were higher than those with height increments (Figure 3). These differences were particularly apparent during early ...

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  • Latitudinal Patterns in Phenotypic Plasticity and Fitness ...

    2012-10-22 · Phenotypic plasticity has been suggested as the main mechanism for species persistence under a global change scenario, and also as one of the main mechanisms that alien species use to tolerate and invade broad geographic areas. However, contrasting with this central role of phenotypic plasticity, standard models aimed to predict the effect of climatic change on …

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  • Phenotypic Plasticity and Selection: Nonexclusive ...

    2016-5-24 · Selection and plasticity are two mechanisms that allow the adaptation of a population to a changing environment. Interaction between these nonexclusive mechanisms must be considered if we are to understand population survival. This review discusses the ways in which plasticity and selection can interact, based on a review of the literature on selection and phenotypic plasticity …

    Get Price
  • A Test for Pre-Adapted Phenotypic Plasticity in the ...

    2013-9-9 · Phenotypic plasticity is a key mechanism associated with the spread of exotic plants and previous studies have found that invasive species are generally more plastic than co-occurring species. Comparatively, the evolution of phenotypic plasticity in plant invasion has received less attention, and in particular, the genetic basis of plasticity is largely unexamined.

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  • Phenotypic plasticity in evolutionary rescue experiments ...

    2013-1-19 · Current quantitative genetic predictions for ER with evolving phenotypic plasticity are based on models that assume constant genetic (co)variances of reaction norm parameters, but this assumption may be violated under strong stress, or when mutations affecting population growth are rare or recombine little.

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  • Phenotypic plasticity pigmentation Drosophila: segments

    2017-3-23 · Original article Phenotypic plasticity of body pigmentation in Drosophila: correlated variations between segments Patricia Gibert Brigitte Moreteau Samuel M. Scheiner Jean R. David a Laboratoire populations, génétique et évolution, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 91198 Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France b Department of Life Sciences, Arizona State University West,

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  • Costs of Phenotypic Plasticity. | The American Naturalist

    2020-9-4 · Hirofumi Michimae, Akiomi Yoshida, Takeshi Emura, Masatoshi Matsunami, Kinya Nishimura Reconsidering the estimation of costs of phenotypic plasticity using the robust ridge estimator, Ecological Informatics 44 (Mar 2018): 7-20.

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  • (PDF) Phenotypic plasticity in evolutionary rescue ...

    Downloaded from rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org on December 6, 2012 Phenotypic plasticity in evolutionary rescue experiments Luis-Miguel Chevin, Romain Gallet, Richard Gomulkiewicz, Robert D. Holt and Simon Fellous Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 2013 368, doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0089 References This article cites 108 articles, 21 of which can be ...

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  • Plasticity of primary and secondary growth dynamics in ...

    2013-8-26 · The tree level reflected the phenotypic plasticity of each genotype in response to water availability (1 = highly responsive, non-significant = non responsive). At tree level, correlations between I DM and circumference increments were higher than those with height increments (Figure 3). These differences were particularly apparent during early ...

    Get Price
  • Latitudinal Patterns in Phenotypic Plasticity and Fitness ...

    2012-10-22 · Phenotypic plasticity has been suggested as the main mechanism for species persistence under a global change scenario, and also as one of the main mechanisms that alien species use to tolerate and invade broad geographic areas. However, contrasting with this central role of phenotypic plasticity, standard models aimed to predict the effect of climatic change on …

    Get Price
  • An increase in transmission‐related traits and in ...

    2015-10-22 · Phenotypic plasticity of all examined traits was evaluated for the California and Mediterranean populations and for the genetic sub-populations of the fungus using two quantitative estimators: the phenotypic plasticity index (PIv) as (maximum mean − minimum mean)/maximum mean, and the coefficient of variation (CV) as standard deviation/mean ...

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  • Christophe A Petit | University of Montpellier - Academia.edu

    Abstract: Phenotypic plasticity may play a critical role in the response of natural populations to selective pressures in variable environments and may help explain differences in the ecological and geographical distribution of closely related taxa. In this study we quantify phenotypic ...

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  • The Genetic Architecture for Phenotypic Plasticity of the ...

    2020-2-25 · The ionome of the rice grain is crucial for the health of populations that consume rice as a staple food. However, the contribution of phenotypic plasticity to the variation of rice grain ionome and the genetic architecture of phenotypic plasticity are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the rice grain ionome of a rice diversity panel in up to eight environments.

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  • Limited genetic variability and phenotypic plasticity ...

    2014-2-1 · Assessment of phenotypic plasticity According to Falconer & Mackay ( ), the total phenotypic variance of a population can be modelled as: σ P 2 = σ G 2 + σ E 2 + 2 cov GE + σ GE 2 + σ ε 2 where σ P 2 is the phenotypic variance of a population, σ G 2 is the genetic variance of a population, and σ E 2 is the general environmental effect ...

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  • Patterns of phenotypic plasticity among populations of ...

    2019-8-6 · 2 20 Abstract 21 Aim: Under rapid environmental change, phenotypic plasticity, if adaptive, could increase the odds 22 for organisms to persist. Environmental variation over time is an important source of phenotypic 23 plasticity. Likewise, phenotypic plasticity can vary with age in many organisms.

    Get Price
  • Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an ...

    2012-1-14 · Annals of Forest Science (2012) 69:477–487 DOI 10.1007/s13595-011-0173-0 ORIGINAL PAPER Phenotypic plasticity and climatic adaptation in an Atlantic maritime pine breeding population Raúl de la Mata & Jordi Voltas & Rafael Zas Received: 5 October 2011 /Accepted: 14 December 2011 /Published online: 14 January 2012 INRA Springer-Verlag France 2012 Abstract …

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  • Isofemale lines in Drosophila: an empirical approach to ...

    2004-8-25 · Phenotypic plasticity and reaction norms in temperate and tropical populations of Drosophila melanogaster. Ovarian size and developmental temperatures. Ovarian size and developmental temperatures ...

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  • Introduction to Evolutionary Quantitative Genetics ...

    Quantitative genetics uses the phenotypic resemblance among related individuals to infer the role of genes and the environment in shaping phenotypic variation. Depending on the species, we can use data obtained from breeding experiments under controlled conditions (e.g. insects, plants), or from individual-based monitoring programs in the wild ...

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  • Frontiers | Phenotypic and Genomic Variability of Serial ...

    2021-4-7 · Cystic fibrosis (CF) represents one of the major genetic and chronic lung diseases affecting Caucasians of European descent. Patients with CF suffer from recurring infections that lead to further damage of the lungs. Pulmonary infection due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is most prevalent, further increasing CF-related mortality. The present study describes the phenotypic …

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  • NONPARAMETRIC ESTIMATION OF NATURAL SELECTION

    2006-3-1 · Assessing natural selection on a phenotypic trait in wild populations is of primary importance for evolutionary ecologists. To cope with the imperfect detection of individuals inherent to monitoring in the wild, we develop a nonparametric method for evaluating the form of natural selection on a quantitative trait using mark-recapture data. Our approach uses penalized splines …

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  • Life history variation in the heavy metal tolerant plant ...

    2006-11-6 · In order to test the phenotypic response to variability in soil Zn concentration and light availability in metallicolous and nonmetallicolous plants of T. caerulescens, we carried out a common garden experiment from December 2003 to July 2004 in the experimental field of the Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, CNRS, Montpellier, France.

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